The UK has said this can be done by the end of 2020 and the bill also excludes the extension of the transition period, even though no free trade agreement has been reached with the EU. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. On 20 December 2019, after the Conservatives won the 2019 British general election, the House of Commons passed second reading of the withdrawal agreement with a 358-234 lead. Following the amendments proposed by the House of Lords and the ping-pong between the two houses, the bill was granted royal approval on 23 January 2020, allowing ratification on the British side.  On January 22, 2020, the bill was passed by the House of Lords without further amendment. The next day she obtained royal approval.   The European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 (c. 1) is a legal act of the British Parliament that provides for the ratification of the Brexit withdrawal agreement and its integration into UK domestic law. It is the most important constitutional law passed by the Johnson government`s parliament. The withdrawal agreement was the result of the Brexit negotiations.  Friday`s vote took place at second reading of the law, during which MPs vote on whether they are in principle ready to pass a bill.
Changes can be made at later stages. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  Brexit Minister Steve Barclay said the bill would fulfill his party`s “overwhelming mandate” to withdraw Britain from the EU on 31 January. Members discussed the status of the bill at the end of the Lords phases. The withdrawal agreement passed its third and final reading in the House of Commons on January 9, 2020 by 330 votes in and 231 against.  The WAB transforms Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and allows the government to ratify it.