If the EU refuses to negotiate with the UK a similar system of mutual recognition, this may be contrary to the most-favoured-nation (MFN) obligation under World Trade Organisation (WTO) law. The greatest predominance is a non-discrimination rule that requires that any benefit granted to goods originating in one country be granted to like products originating in other countries. The principle of mutual recognition should not be confused with mutual recognition agreements that facilitate market access between the EU and third countries. By designating a conformity assessment body, the competent Swiss authority confirms that the body meets the technical requirements relevant for carrying out a conformity assessment. Accreditation can be a prerequisite for the designation (and recognition) of a conformity assessment body. Agreement on the Mutual Recognition of Conformity Assessments, Certificates and Markings between New Zealand and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (entered into force on 1 March 2000). Sectors covered: pharmaceuticals (Good Manufacturing Practices, GMP), medical devices, telecommunications terminals, low-voltage devices, electromagnetic compatibility (ELECTROMAGNETIC), machinery and pressure equipment. The main advantage of mutual recognition lies in the harmonisation of all national technical rules. Technical rules usually refer to weight, size, composition, labelling and packaging. Mutual recognition is the principle of European Union (EU) law under which Member States must allow goods legally sold in another Member State to also be sold in their own territory. However, recent free trade agreements indicate a change in approach and acceptance of “traditional” SARs. For example, Articles 4(6) and 7(21)(4) of the EU-Korea Free Trade Agreement provide for the negotiation of mutual recognition of conformity assessment for goods and services.
The Agreement between the Swiss Confederation and the European Community on the mutual recognition of conformity assessment (MRA) entered into force on 1 June 2002 as one of seven agreements concluded under a package called “Bilateral Agreement I”. The MRA is an instrument designed to remove technical barriers to trade in industrial goods between Switzerland and the EU. It applies to the main product sectors (machinery, medical devices, electrical appliances, construction products, lifts, biocidal products). In terms of value, the agreement covers around two-thirds of trade in industrial products between Switzerland and the EU. This principle derives from Articles 34 to 36 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and is further defined in Regulation (EU) 2019/515 on the mutual recognition of goods lawfully placed on the market in another country. Regulation (EC) No 2019/515 shall apply from 19 April 2020 and replace Regulation (EC) No 764/2008. It establishes the rights and obligations with regard to the principle of mutual recognition for competent authorities and companies when selling goods in another EU country. . . .