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Community Benefits Agreements Making Development Projects Accountable

The CBA contract template allows each CBA to be placed according to the needs of the community, the size and nature of the proposed development, and the relative bargaining power of the community groups and the developer. Benefits may be provided by the developer itself, or a CBA may require the developer to impose CBA rules on its tenants, suppliers, and contractors. Typically, CBAs include workplace quality standards, local recruitment programs, and affordable housing. [5] Elected officials and government authorities often play an active role in the negotiations on the CBA. In California and other countries where development agreements are approved, government officials may be formal signatories to the CBA. In other cases, government officials may play a more informal role in facilitating negotiations on the CBA and fostering cooperation. [5] In response to these problems, the CBA model was created in the late 1990s to allow municipalities most affected by economic development projects to participate in the planning process and to ensure that existing communities receive development benefits. [4] For developers, negotiations with community representatives can be an attractive way to gain community support and move their projects forward. Participating in CBA negotiations can eliminate surprises in the development authorization process and allow developers to work with a unified coalition instead of having to involve community organizations individually.

[5] In the United Kingdom, in the Section 106 agreements and in Canada, the Section 37[1] agreements also require certain benefits for developers, but are distinguished from CBAs in that they are part of development agreements with governments and not with municipalities. BCAs are usually private contractual agreements, although in some cases they may be part of a development contract with a city. [2] 7th Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). The Strength, Practice and Promise of a Responsible Recovery Instrument. Part of a series of monographs on neighbourhood development. The range of benefits offered by a CBA has been extensively studied in the scientific literature[15], as well as at conferences, to raise awareness among developers, local governments and fighting communities of the benefits of CBA. [16] Community benefit agreements (CBAs) – agreements between developers and coalitions of community organizations addressing a wide range of community needs – are protective measures to ensure that affected residents share in the benefits of significant developments. They allow community groups to have a voice in the design of a project, emphasize community benefits tailored to their specific needs, and enforce developer promises. ASAs are just one aspect of a new and growing movement towards community benefits in land use planning, which is taking shape through partnerships between work and community across the country.

In preparation for the 2010 Olympic Winter Games, the City of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, commissioned the Millennium Development Corporation to build its 600,000-square-foot (56,000 m2) athlete village of 600 units in southeast False Creek. This evolution included a CBA to create 100 jobs for local downtown and trained residents and raise $15 million in downtown goods and services. It also included a $750,000 Legacy Fund to train downtown residents. [20] The CBA included investments and support from the Federal Government of Canada, the Provincial Government of BC, the City of Vancouver, and Building Opportunities with Business Inner-City Building Opportunities with Business (a non-profit organization for municipal economic development, also known as BOB), jointly recognized under the Vancouver Agreement. [21] The CBA also received support from Bell, VanCity, Canadian Housing and Mortgage Corporation and the Vancouver Regional Construction Association. Building Opportunities with Business monitored the use of old funds, purchased labor, and helped downtown residents with training and assistance, while the VRCA monitored resident training…

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